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Valium is a drug of the Benzodiazepine sedative class. Valium (diazepam) acts on the limbic, thalmic and hypothalmic regions of the central nervous system to potentiate the effects of inhibitory neurotransmitters. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, skeletal muscle relaxant and amnestic properties. Valium is used to treat a wide range of conditions and is one of the most frequently prescribed benzodiazepines.

Valium Side Effects
Valium has a range of side effects which are common to most benzodiazepines. Most common side effects include:

  • Somnolence
  • Impaired motor function
  • Impaired coordination
  • Impaired balance
  • Dizziness
  • Depression
  • Anterograde amnesia (especially pronounced in higher doses)
  • Reflex tachycardia
    • Rare paradoxical side effects can include:
    • nervousness
    • irritability
    • insomnia
    • muscle cramps
    • and in extreme cases rage and violence

Valium Addiction and Abuse
Valium is considered addictive. The user builds a tolerance and feels the need to increase the amount they take to achieve the same "high". Over a period of time Valium becomes physically and psychologically addictive.

Valium Withdrawal
Valium withdrawal symptoms are similar to those of other barbiturates and alcohol which included: convulsions, tremor, abdominal and muscle cramps, vomiting and sweating. Consequently, after extended abuse, abrupt discontinuation should generally be avoided and a gradual dosage tapering schedule followed.

Valium Overdose
An individual who has consumed too much Valium will display one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Somnolence/difficulty staying awake
  • Mental confusion
  • Hypotension
  • Impaired motor functions
  • Impaired reflexes
  • Impaired coordination
  • Impaired balance
  • Dizziness
  • Coma

Although not usually fatal when taken alone, a Valium overdose is considered a medical emergency and generally requires the immediate attention of medical personnel. Overdoses of Valium with alcohol and/or other depressants may be fatal.

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